Bush Airlines in an Amber Zone

This article in the New York Times Magazine (link >>>) reports on the particular troubles of running commercial air transportation in the failed state of Somalia. The reality faced by intrepid entrepreneurs in that lawless region can easily be transferred to a Traveller contest, with similar aerospace services in an Amber Zone planetary system. Reality is frequently the best source of inspiration. Pay particular heed to the description of the bureaucratic hassles surrounding flight permits, airplane registration and staffing. The adventurous chaps piloting these craft resemble a few characters in my old Traveller campaign.

A class D aerospace port?

There is also an old blog post on equally adventurous bush pilots in the Andes here >>>

The Blue World

Space-based telescopes have helped astronomers in identifying, for the first time, the colors of a planet in another solar system. HD 189733b, an inhospitable gas giant 63 light-years from Earth, is blue (read more here >>>).

A distant blue world

The power of Helios

A solar-powered experimental aircraft succeeds in crossing a continent. Read more here >>>

I am impressed with the rapid development of solar energy technology these days. That may prove to be a way out of our dependency on fossil energy sources. Also, unmanned solar-powered craft (land or air) are smart tools for exploring the Moon and Mars.

Landing in Cincinnati

“Revelations of Mars”

Those that have followed my blog for a while, know of my great appreciation for manifestations of “heroic Mars”. Imagine then how pleased I was when I found this RPG project on Kickstarter: Revelations of Mars (link >>>). I wish I could join that team and be a part of their mapping of the Red Planet, but, alas, not all dreams will come true.

Martian adventures, classic style.

Gettysburg 150 years ago

The battle of Gettysburg was fought on July 1-3 1863. Five months later, president Lincoln summarized the underlying causes in ten masterly sentences.

Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.

Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battlefield of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.

But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate, we can not consecrate, we can not hallow this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here.

It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us—that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion—that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain—that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom—and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.

The Hobbit, part 2, teaser

Now it’s time for the heavy marketing efforts for the second installment of Peter Jackson’s The Hobbit series. Never underestimate the ferocity of Hollywood commercial trickery.

Here are my immediate reactions to this teaser/trailer:

Thumbs up
1. A female protagonist: an apocryphal Elf archer in the Mirkwood. Great — my kids will love that. (The original novel contains, IIRC, one female character: Lobelia Sackville-Baggins, whose appearance is tiny.)

2. Smaug is huge and menacing.

3. Laketown looks great.

Thumbs down
1. It appears that Mr Jackson once again has Indiana-Jones-ified Tolkien’s creations, like he did in the goblin cavern scenes in part 1. For instance, the Dwarves’ dramatic escape in the wine barrels was handled very differently in the novel. I don’t feel happy about Mr Jackson’s attitude, but I guess that his ability to “smell” what the audience expects has outdone me.

2. Bard the Bowman is suffering from a 1980s haircut.

And I wonder what story The Hobbit part 3 will tell, if Smaug gets dealt with in this installment.

Winter In Ladros

Recently, I wrote three blog posts on how to set a Middle-earth campaign in the First Age. I will here proceed on that matter by describing a First Age campaign which was run in my gaming group during the spring of 1993.

The adventures of a Beleriand campaign must necessarily be fairly unsophisticated, since the region lacks both cities and a complex or developed society. The political situation is also fairly simple, with a clear set of enemies and only a limited bickering among the Free Peoples. Altogether, we played eight adventures in this campaign (1).

The campaign took place in or near a small Edain village in Ladros on the edge of Ard-galen in the winter of YS 454.(2) The main sources used in its design were The Silmarillion and Fonstad’s Atlas of Middle-earth (the latter provided much useful climatic and geological data). The player characters were mostly hunters and artisans from that settlement, though one of them had served as a tracker at the Noldorin lord Angrod’s castle for many years. These characters were modeled on our Viking ancestors, albeit endowed with a heroic set of skills.

In the course of the first scenarios, there also appeared three Elven player-characters: a Noldo warrior of Maedhros’ host (a courier carrying a message form Maedhros to Aegnor) (3), a Sinda warrior searching for his lost brother(4), and a Laiquendi hunter from Ossiriand who, in a dream, had received a strange message (purportedly from Oromë) summoning him to go north to slay “the Black Tiger” — whatever that might be.

The campaign was divided into two parts. The first one consisted of a series of adventures relating to the village. Wolves (with a Mannish or Elven leader) and Orcs were spotted in the neighborhood, and we spent much time trying to investigate their movements and possible intentions. One night, the village was attacked by a superior number of Orcs and wolves and there was a grand battle in the moonlight—to our surprise, only the wealthiest man of the village was abducted in the raid, and with great losses for the attackers.(5)

We decided to track his captors in order to find out what was going on. This pursuit led us out across Ard-galen in a way reminiscent of the Three Hunters’ quest in The Two Towers. We discovered a fortress built some hundred miles southeast of Angband and commanded by someone judged to be Sauron. Before we could investigate closer, we were discovered by Orcs and had to flee homewards, pursued by a wolf pack with a human-looking master. Eventually, we were overtaken by the pursuers and there was a grand melee, in which our Noldo warrior slew the Wolfmaster, who turned out to be the Sinda’s lost brother.(6)

The second part of the campaign began on the way back to the village, during which time we discovered three mounted Noldor of Aegnor’s household that had been slain by some big and hideous fell beast. We immediately assumed that this must be the Black Tiger. One of the corpses had a beautiful and very magical battleaxe that eminently suited the Laiquendi character.

We decided to travel to Aegnor’s castle to inform him of the event. That journey turned out to be unexpectedly strenuous, since we were harassed by a swarm of Orcs led by a sorcerer. Obviously, he did not want us to reach our destination and was ready to spend the lives of his minions quite liberally to that end. Since the sorcerer could pinpoint our location through his fell arts, we finally dug in on a hilltop and staved off an attack by fifty Orcs, suffering only wounds while slaying around thirty foes and driving off the rest.

We sneaked away at the first opportunity and made for a nearby Elvish fort, manned by fifty warriors, where we waited for an expected night attack. Some three hundred Orcs and one fell lynxbeast (the “Black Tiger”), led by the sorcerer, struck some hours before dawn. Again there was a grandiose battle during which much Orkish blood was shed. When dawn came, there were only a handful of defenders alive (including the player-characters), but everyone was very badly wounded. The sorcerer and his lynx-beast (killed by the magical axe) and about half his Orcs were dead, and the rest retreated in reasonable order when they heard the horns of Aegnor and his household knights coming to our rescue.

This brief summary does not entirely capture the mood of the campaign. We aimed to recreate the spirit of The Silmarillion, in which the Free Peoples fight a desperate and never-ending battle against the hordes of Evil, knowing that all their struggle may be futile, but yet not yielding.(7) The gamemasters and the players used a laconic style of speech and displayed much spectacular heroism to achieve this ambition (and for me it was a success — our last stand in the Elven fort actually reminded me of Leonidas and his Spartans fighting the Persians at Thermopylae).

To summarize my experiences of the campaign: Beleriand is a milieu eminently suitable for those that enjoy heroic fighting and wilderness adventures, but providing little opportunity for a more intellectual approach to gaming. The social environment is too primitive for complex political and criminal plots.

On the other hand, considering the extraordinary abilities of the Beleriand characters described by J.R.R. Tolkien (e.g., Túrin and Huor), players can design awesome characters, far beyond what is suitable in a Third-Age campaign. There is ample room for excitement: the player-characters are usually fewer and better than their opponents, but must avoid being swamped by the superior numbers of a foe who does not care much about losing Orcs on the battlefield. There are other servants of Melkor who are far more awesome than any playercharacter (Remember that Balrogs appear in company formations at the Fall of Gondolin, and that Sauron himself walks the meadows of northern Beleriand in search of Morgoth’s mightiest adversaries.).

Beleriand is famous for its quests. Even though players cannot repeat Beren and Lúthien’s capture of a Silmaril, the gamemaster can easily invent similar but less awesome tasks for them, sending them to distant corners of Beleriand or even to the unknown lands east of the Blue Mountains. Considering the extreme level of violence in Beleriand at the end of the First Age, it is likely that a player-character group will suffer numerous casualties before completing their quest (Remember that even Beren fell before Carcharoth.). But, dying heroically, with a stoic and laconic last word to one’s friends, should in itself be a notable accomplishment in the campaign context.

It is questionable whether Beleriand provides enough varied scenario opportunities for a very long campaign. My impression is that it ought to be better for the gamemaster to concentrate efforts on five to ten adventures, leading the players to a spectacular climax. Thereafter, the characters should retire, satisfied with their accomplishments in the fight against Morgoth.

1. The group consisted of eight players, three of which were gamemasters who jointly developed and executed the campaigns, alternately refereeing the adventures. Hence the gamemasters, too, are allowed to play in their own creation. We use a modified RuneQuest system, since we believe it to be the most adaptable one designed so far.
2. The village was designed like a Swedish Iron Age village, with houses of wood and a log palisade.
3. He wore a very good set of weapons and armor, which actually had been made long ago in Aman under Melkor’s tutelage. However, the warrior did not part with that information, it being privy to the gamemasters.
4. Actually one of Eöl’s apprentices, though that was not generally known.
5. That is to say, he owned the most pigs and the biggest house (coins and similar tokens of wealth not being used by Edain of the First Age).
6. We guessed that he had been captured by the Enemy and had gotten his will broken. However, we never found out why the rich villager had been abducted.
7. A similar mentality was found among our pagan Norse ancestors, described in their sagas and myths which we Swedes read in grammar school. Hence we know it fairly well.